ORIGINAL ARTICLE: PDF OnlyTsuda Kazushi; Shima, Hiroki; Ura, Masako; Takeda, Jiro; Kimura, Keizo; Nishio, Ichiro; Masuyama, YoshiakiJournal of Hypertension: December 1988 - p S539-541 Buy Abstract The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of vasoactive neuropeptides, such as substance P or neurotensin, on vascular adrenergic neurotransmission in hypertension. In perfused mesenteric vasculatures prepared from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), we examined the effects of substance P and neurotensin on vascular responsiveness and noradrenaline release from the sympathetic nerve endings. Stimulation-evoked noradrenaline release and pressor responses were inhibited by substance P and neurotensin. In SHR, the noradrenaline release and pressor responses during electrical nerve stimulation were significantly greater than in Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). The inhibitory effects of these responses by substance P and neurotensin were attenuated in SHR compared with WKY. These results showed that substance P and neurotensin could affect the presynaptic site of the blood vessels and cause a decrease in electrically stimulated noradrenaline release from the vascular adrenergic neurons. The reduction of noradrenaline release and pressor responses by substance P and neurotensin in SHR might suggest insufficient regulation of the vascular adrenergic transmission by these vasoactive peptides in hypertension. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.