We studied a group of 12 hypertensive patients (seven men, five women) with unilateral renal arterial stenosis, and evaluated the morphological criteria on renal angiography for the significance of the stenosis and compared them with the prostaglandin-E2 (PGE2), plasma renin activity (PRA), and angiotensin II (ANG II) concentrations in both renal veins.
PGE2 and PRA concentrations were significantly higher in renal veins of kidneys with arterial stenosis with patients supine and after sitting up for 15 min, but the ANG II concentration was raised only with the patient sitting. Assuming that a PRA ratio >2 signifies stenosis of haemodynamic importance, correlation to the angiographic classification was seen in 11 of the 12 patients. The PGE2 ratios were better correlated to PRA ratios than to the angiographic findings. ANG II ratios showed an inconstant and variable pattern in relation to the morphological picture.
Our results confirm that PGE2 concentrations in renal venous blood increase in parallel to PRA, and may be interpreted as a means of preserving the blood flow in a kidney with arterial stenosis. However, it is unclear whether this increase is the result of dilution factors or of increased net production of PGE2.
Determination of PGE2 in renal vein blood apparently gives no additional information about the functional significance of renal arterial stenosis, and PRA determinations remain the best guide in the management of renovascular hypertension.
Journal of Hypertension 2:397-403, 1984