Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is often used for displaced femoral neck fracture. In this study, institutional hip arthroplasty data were compared with the National American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) data for any differences in outcomes between our hospital, with an integrated hip fracture
care pathway, and those of the country as a whole.
Elective THA was compared with arthroplasty performed for acute fracture. Outcomes for both groups included thromboembolic event (VTE), death, and deep prosthetic infection.
Institutional data revealed no increased rate of infection after THA for fracture compared with elective. National Surgical Quality Improvement Program analysis revealed higher infection rates in fracture arthroplasty. There was an increased VTE rate in fracture performed for arthroplasty compared with elective in both institutional and NSQIP data.
When performed at an academic medical center with an integrated care
program, THA for fracture can have similar infection rates to elective THA. By contrast, national data showed significantly higher rates of infection and VTE for arthroplasty for fracture compared with elective. The contrast in complication rates may be related to well-functioning comprehensive interdisciplinary pathways. Patient-centered care pathways may be optimal for hip fracture