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Evidence-Based Practice in Healthcare: An Exploratory Cross-Discipline Comparison of Enhancers and Barriers

Asadoorian, Joanna; Hearson, Brenda; Satyanarayana, Satyendra; Ursel, Jane

The Journal for Healthcare Quality (JHQ): May-June 2010 - Volume 32 - Issue 3 - p 15–22
doi: 10.1111/j.1945-1474.2010.00081.x
Original Articles

In order to improve health outcomes, healthcare providers need to base practice on current evidence. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore and compare the understanding and experiences with evidence-based practice (EBP) in three different disciplines. Researchers conducted individual interviews with psychiatrists, nurses, and dental hygienists. The majority of study participants demonstrated an understanding of EBP and were able to identify enhancers and barriers to implementing EBP. Using a grounded theory approach, several major themes acting as enhancers and barriers to EBP emerged and revealed both differences and similarities within and across the three health disciplines. While saturation was not attempted, this exploratory research is important in contributing to understanding the cultural practice milieu in relation to individual characteristics in implementing evidence into practice with the overall aim of improving healthcare delivery and outcomes.

1School of Dental Hygiene, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada

2Clinical Nurse Specialist, Winnipeg Regional Health Authority Palliative Care Program, and Canadian Virtual Hospice, Winnipeg, MB, Canada

3Staff Psychiatrist, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

4Department of Sociology, Faculty of Arts, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada

For more information on this article, contact Joanna Asadoorian

© 2010 National Association for Healthcare Quality
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