Feature ArticlesFeasibility of an Intervention Study to Support Families When Their Loved One Has Life-sustaining Therapy WithdrawnScharf, Barbara PhD, RN; Zhu, Shijun PhD; Tomlin, Sarah MSN, CCRN; Cheon, Jooyoung PhD, RN; Mooney-Doyle, Kim PhD, RN; Baggs, Judith Gedney PhD, RN; Weigand, Debra PhD, CCRN†Author Information Barbara Scharf, PhD, RN, is research nurse, University of Maryland School of Nursing. Shijun Zhu, PhD, is assistant professor and biostatistician, University of Maryland School of Nursing. Sarah Tomlin, MSN, CCRN, is utilization review nurse, Johns Hopkins Hospital. Jooyoung Cheon, PhD, RN, is assistant professor, College of Nursing, Sungshin Women's University, South Korea. Kim Mooney-Doyle, PhD, RN, is assistant professor, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Family and Community Health. Judith Gedney Baggs, PhD, RN, is professor emerita, Oregon Health & Science University, University of Rochester, and deputy editor-in-chief, The Journal of Interprofessional Care. Debra Weigand, PhD, CCRN,† is associate professor, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Family and Community Health. †Dr Debra Weigand was a mentor and friend to many students and colleagues. She made significant research contributions to understanding and assisting families making the difficult decisions in end-of-life care. She left us too soon, but her work lives on and guides all of us in helping families. We present you with some of her last work and hope you can implement her interventions in your practice. Address correspondence to Barbara Scharf, PhD, RN, ([email protected]). The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose. This investigation was funded by the National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Nursing Research, grant number 5 R21 NR013721 (PI: Debra Weigand). Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing: February 2021 - Volume 23 - Issue 1 - p 89-97 doi: 10.1097/NJH.0000000000000717 Buy Metrics Abstract This investigation addressed family member perceptions of preparation for withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment in the intensive care unit. These families are at a high risk for psychosocial and physical sequelae. The quantitative results of this mixed methods study are reported. A control group received usual care and an educational booklet component of the intervention. The experimental group received the above plus exposure to comfort cart items and additional psychological support. Twenty-eight family members enrolled over a 13-month period. Sixty-one percent (10 intervention, 7 control) completed the follow-up. Fourteen family members (82%) recalled the booklet. Some family members reported moderate to severe depression (12.5%), anxiety (12.5%), and stress (12.6%). Satisfaction with care (83.7%-85.2%) and family member well-being (44.1) were within the norm. Short Form-36 physical component score was higher than the norm, and the mental component score was lower than the norm. This study demonstrated feasibility and acceptability of the interventions and follow-up questionnaires when families make the difficult decision to withdraw treatment. Strategies are suggested to strengthen statistical power. Copyright © 2020 by The Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association. All rights reserved.