Global Exemplar SeriesMediation Effects of Compassion Satisfaction and Compassion Fatigue in the Relationships Between Resilience and Anxiety or Depression Among Hospice VolunteersJo, Minjeong PhD, RN; Na, Hyunjoo PhD, RN; Jung, Young-Eun PhD, MDAuthor Information Minjeong Jo, PhD, RN, assistant professor, College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Hyunjoo Na, PhD, RN, assistant professor, College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Young-Eun Jung, PhD, MD, assistant professor, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Jeju National University, Jeju, Republic of Korea. Address correspondence to Hyunjoo Na, PhD, RN, College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea, 222 Banpo-daero, Seocho-gu, Seoul 06591, Republic of Korea ([email protected]). This work was supported by the Catholic Medical Center Research Foundation made in the program year of 2018. The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose. Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing: June 2020 - Volume 22 - Issue 3 - p 246-253 doi: 10.1097/NJH.0000000000000640 Buy CE Test Metrics Abstract Hospice volunteers are a high-risk group for anxiety and depression owing to their frequent exposure to patients at the end of life and their subsequent deaths. Resilience is known to be a powerful factor that affects the occurrence of anxiety and depression; however, research on this subject is scarce. We investigated the relationship of resilience with anxiety or depression in hospice volunteers. A total of 145 volunteers were included in the analysis. Participants completed self-reported scales, including the Korean version of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and the Professional Quality of Life Scale version 5. Pearson correlation coefficients were analyzed to identify the relationship of compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue with anxiety or depression. A PROCESS macro mediation analysis was used to investigate the mediation effects of compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue on the relationship between resilience and anxiety or depression. There were significant associations of compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue with anxiety and depression. The relationship between resilience and anxiety/depression was mediated by compassion fatigue, which had indirect effects on anxiety and depression. Efforts to reduce compassion fatigue and increase resilience could help prevent anxiety and depression in hospice volunteers. Copyright © 2020 by The Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association. All rights reserved.