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Validation of a Korean Version of the Spiritual Care Competence Scale

Focused on the Hospice and Palliative Care Setting

Kang, Kyung-Ah PhD, RN; Choi, Youngsim MS, RN; Kim, Shin-Jeong PhD, RN

Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing: October 2019 - Volume 21 - Issue 5 - p 453–462
doi: 10.1097/NJH.0000000000000589
Feature Articles

This study aimed to examine the reliability and validity of a scale to assess the competence of Korean nurses who provide spiritual care for patients with terminal illnesses. The reliability and validity were examined using Cronbach α, item analysis, and exploratory factor analysis. The participants were 248 hospice nurses working at 40 hospices and palliative hospitals in South Korea. The results showed that the reliability was high, as indicated by a Cronbach α of .942. The exploratory factor analysis revealed 6 dimensions (assessment and implementation of spiritual care, professionalization and improvement of the quality of spiritual care, personal support and patient counseling, referral to professionals, attitude toward the patient’s spirituality, and communication) with 27 items. The 6 factors explained 68.20% of the variance in the Korean version of the Spiritual Care Competence Scale. From the results, the Korean version of the Spiritual Care Competence Scale may serve as an appropriate measure for provision of spiritual care for patients with terminal illness. In addition, it may be useful in assessing hospice and palliative nurses’ ability for spiritual care.

Kyung-Ah Kang, PhD, RN, is professor, College of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Seoul, South Korea.

Youngsim Choi, MS, RN, is palliative care nurse, Hospice Unit, Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon, South Korea.

Shin-Jeong Kim, PhD, RN, is professor, School of Nursing, Hallym University, Chuncheon, South Korea.

Address correspondence to Shin-Jeong Kim, School of Nursing, Hallym University, 1 HallymDaeHak-gil, ChunCheon, Chuncheon, Korea 200-702 (

This paper was supported by the Sahmyook University Research Fund in 2017.

The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Author Contributions: Study design: K.-A.K. and S.-J.K. Data collection: K.-A.K. and Y.C. Data analysis: K.-A.K. and S.-J.K. Manuscript writing and revisions for important intellectual content: K.-A.K. and S.-J.K.

Online date: August 19, 2019

© 2019 by The Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association.