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The Effects of Holy Name Meditation on Spiritual Well-being, Depression, and Anxiety of Patients With Cancer

Yong, Jinsun (Sr. Julianna), PhD, RN; Park, Junyang (Fr. John), STD; Kim, Juhu, PhD; Kim, Pyeongman (Fr. Justino), PhD; Seo, Im-Sun, PhD, RN; Lee, Hun, BA

Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing: August 2018 - Volume 20 - Issue 4 - p 368–376
doi: 10.1097/NJH.0000000000000451
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This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of the Holy Name Meditation on cancer patients’ spiritual well-being, anxiety, depression, and pain. Twenty-eight patients were enrolled in the control group, and 18 patients were selected for the experimental group. Only the patients in the experimental group completed 5 weeks of the Holy Name Meditation Program. All participants were surveyed to assess spiritual well-being (Spiritual Well-Being Scale), anxiety and depression (Symptom Checklist 90-R), and pain (numeric pain rating scale). There were no significant differences between the two groups' general characteristics, but the baseline survey revealed that anxiety and depression levels were higher in the experimental group. Analyzing the results after controlling the baseline scores of anxiety and depression showed that spiritual well-being was increased (F = 4.80, P = .034), whereas anxiety (F = 4.98, P = .031) and depression (F = 7.28, P = .010) were decreased after the intervention. No difference in pain was found between the two groups. The Holy Name Meditation Program was thus effective in enhancing cancer patients' spiritual well-being and decreasing their anxiety and depression. Therefore, it is recommended that Holy Name Meditation be provided in clinical settings to reduce the psychosocial and spiritual suffering of cancer patients.

Jinsun (Sr. Julianna) Yong, PhD, RN, is professor and director, The WHO Collaborating Centre for Training in Hospice & Palliative Care, College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea.

Junyang (Fr. John) Park, STD, is professor, College of Theology, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea.

Juhu Kim, PhD, is professor, Graduate School of Education, Ajou University, Suwon, South Korea.

Pyeongman (Fr. Justino) Kim, PhD, is associate professor, Department of Humanities and Social Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea.

Im-Sun Seo, PhD, RN, is assistant professor, Department of Nursing, Baekseok Culture University, Cheonan, South Korea.

Hun Lee, BA, is coordinator, The WHO Collaborating Centre for Training in Hospice & Palliative Care, College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea.

Address correspondence to Jinsun (Sr. Julianna) Yong, PhD, RN, College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea, 222 Banpodero Seocho-gu, Seoul, South Korea 137-701 (jyong@catholic.ac.kr).

The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

This study was financially supported by the Catholic Medical Center Research Foundation in 2012.

© 2018 by The Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association.