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The Effect of Music on Dyspnea Severity, Anxiety, and Hemodynamic Parameters in Patients With Dyspnea

Ergin, Eda, MSc, RN; Sagkal Midilli, Tulay, PhD, RN; Baysal, Ebru, MSc, RN

Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing: February 2018 - Volume 20 - Issue 1 - p 81–87
doi: 10.1097/NJH.0000000000000403
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This randomized controlled study (pretest, posttest, test control group) was conducted with the aim of determining the effect of music on the severity of dyspnea, anxiety, and hemodynamic parameters in patients with dyspnea. The research was conducted in the Chest Diseases Service of a public hospital in the western region of Turkey. The number of patients included in the sample was determined by power analysis, and as a result, 60 patients were accepted, 30 in the music group and 30 in the control group. Sixty percent of the patients who took part in the study were male, their mean age was 61.21 ± 1.13 years, and their mean dyspnea severity before the intervention was 62.68 ± 22.28. The difference between the mean dyspnea severity and anxiety scores of the music group patients before and after the application of music was found to be statistically significant (P < .05), but no statistically significant difference was found in hemodynamic parameters (P > .05). In light of the research findings, it was concluded that music had an effect on anxiety and the severity of dyspnea in patients with dyspnea but that it had no effect on hemodynamic parameters.

Eda Ergin, Msc, RN, is research assistant, Faculty of Health Science, Department of Fundamentals Nursing, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey.

Tulay Sagkal Midilli, PhD, RN, is assistant professor, Faculty of Health Science, Department of Fundamentals Nursing, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey.

Ebru Baysal, MSc, RN, is research asistant, Faculty of Nursing, Department of Fundamentals Nursing, Ege University, İzmir, Turkey.

Address correspondence to Eda Ergin, MSc, RN, Faculty of Health Science, Department of Fundamentals Nursing, Celal Bayar University, 45000 Manisa, Turkey (edayasar35@hotmail.com).

This article has been presented as a poster presentation in Tamamlayici ve Destekleyici Bakim Uygulamalari Kongresi, May 27-29 2015, in Kayseri, Turkey.

The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

© 2018 by The Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association.