Association of Hospital Readmission Rates With Discharge Disposition for Patients With Psychotic Disorders : Journal of Healthcare Management

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RESEARCH ARTICLES

Association of Hospital Readmission Rates With Discharge Disposition for Patients With Psychotic Disorders

Tucker, Kariba DHA, LPC, NCC; Zikos, Dimitrios PhD; Vick, Dan J. MD, DHA, CPE

Author Information
Journal of Healthcare Management 68(3):p 198-214, May/June 2023. | DOI: 10.1097/JHM-D-22-00115

Abstract

Goal: 

We explored how readmissions may result from patients' lack of access to aftercare services, failure to adhere to psychotropic medication plans, and inability to understand and follow hospital discharge recommendations. We also investigated whether insurance status, demographics, and socioeconomic status are associated with hospital readmissions. This study is important because readmissions contribute to increased personal and hospital expenses and decreased community tenure (the ability to maintain stability between hospital admissions). Addressing hospital readmissions will promote optimal discharge practices beginning on day one of hospital admission.

Methods: 

The study examined the differences in hospital readmission rates for patients with a primary psychotic disorder diagnosis. Discharge data were drawn in 2017 from the Nationwide Readmissions Database. Inclusion criteria included patients aged 0–89 years who were readmitted to a hospital between less than 24 hr and up to 30 days from discharge. Exclusion criteria were principal medical diagnoses, unplanned 30-day readmissions, and discharges against medical advice. The sampling frame included 269,906 weighted number of patients diagnosed with a psychotic disorder treated at one of 2,355 U.S. community hospitals. The sample size was 148,529 unweighted numbers of patients discharged.

Principal Findings: 

In a logistic regression model, weighted variables were calculated and used to determine an association between the discharge dispositions and readmissions. After controlling for hospital characteristics and patient demographics, we found that the odds for readmission for routine and short-term hospital discharge dispositions decreased for home health care discharges, which indicated that home health care can prevent readmissions. The finding was statistically significant when controlling for payer type and patient age and gender.

Practical Applications: 

The findings support home health care as an effective option for patients with severe psychosis. Home health care reduces readmissions and is recommended, when appropriate, as an aftercare service following inpatient hospitalization and may enhance the quality of patient care. Improving healthcare quality involves optimizing, streamlining, and promoting standardized processes in discharge planning and direct transitions to aftercare services.

© 2023 Foundation of the American College of Healthcare Executives

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