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Professional Satisfaction of Advanced Practice Providers in Primary Care Specialties

O’Laughlin, Danielle J. PA-C, MS; Bold, Jennifer A. APRN, CNP, DNP; Schroeder, Darrell R.; Casey, Petra M. MD

doi: 10.1097/JHM-D-18-00070

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This prospective study focuses on professional satisfaction among advanced practice providers (APPs) in primary care. We aimed to determine whether incorporating specialty care clinics within primary care practices increases professional satisfaction. We administered the validated Misener Nurse Practitioner Job Satisfaction Scale and a self-developed demographic questionnaire to all primary care APPs before and one year after implementation of a gynecology practice within the primary care setting. APPs practicing in a dual-role specialty practice reported higher overall professional satisfaction; professional growth; intrapractice partnership/collegiality; professional, social, and community interaction; and benefits than their primary care–only counterparts. We concluded that professional satisfaction among APPs may contribute to staff retention.

Division of Primary Care Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota

Department of Family Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota

assistant professor of biostatistics, Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota

For more information regarding the concepts in this article, contact Dr. Casey at

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

© 2019 Foundation of the American College of Healthcare Executives
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