Two recent National Labor Relations Board decisions, Electromation and DuPont, may very well be used to declare many health care organizations' employee empowerment and participation programs (including TQM and CQI groups) in violation of U.S. labor laws. This article provides a detailed explanation of the NLRB's two-part inquiry that will now be used to determine whether a health care institution's employee participation programs are under the NLRB's jurisdiction as a labor organization, and if so, whether the institution is engaged in unlawful employer domination. This article will also provide guidance from the NLRB as to what form of employee participation may be permitted under the National Labor Relations Act.
Address correspondence and requests for reprints to Robert K. Robinson, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Department of Management and Marketing, University of Mississippi, Conner Room 332, University, MS 38677.
Copyright Notice © 1995 Health Administration Press