To evaluate the comparative rotational stability and the repositioning rates and outcomes of a hydrophilic and hydrophobic acrylic monofocal toric intraocular lens (IOLs).
Single center, Aravind Eye Hospital in Madurai, India.
Retrospective cohort study.
All patients had either an Auroflex hydrophilic acrylic toric IOL (n = 4603) or AcrySof hydrophobic acrylic toric IOL (n = 926) implanted between January 2015 and April 2019. Surgical repositioning was offered if the toric IOL was 15 degrees or greater misaligned or there was a 2-line or greater improvement in uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) predicted with repositioning.
A total of 5529 single-piece toric IOLs were implanted during the study period. There was no statistically significant difference between the hydrophilic and hydrophobic acrylic toric IOL groups in need for surgical repositioning (2.5% vs 1.9%; P = .34) or actual surgical repositioning rate (1.8% vs 1.5%; P = .59). A higher rate of surgical toric IOL repositioning was associated with younger age (62.7 vs 67.2 years; P < .0001), higher presurgical astigmatism (2.32 vs 1.99 diopters [D]; P < .0001), and with-the-rule astigmatism (4.7% vs 2.1% against-the-rule astigmatism; P = .002). In 95 eyes that underwent toric IOL repositioning, there was significant preoperative to postoperative improvement in UDVA (0.48 vs 0.12 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution; P < .001), mean residual cylinder (1.79 vs 0.7 D; P < .001), and mean toric IOL misalignment (49.7 vs 5.4 degrees; P < .001). The repositioning outcomes were statistically similar with both toric IOL models. There were no major complications or recurrent toric IOL rotation after surgical repositioning.
The hydrophilic acrylic toric IOL had comparable rates of postoperative misalignment and surgical repositioning with the hydrophobic acrylic toric IOL. Early postoperative surgical repositioning was both safe and effective with both toric IOLs.