To evaluate the long-term refractive outcomes of Eyecryl posterior chamber spherical phakic intraocular lens (pIOL) implantation in high myopia and endothelial cell density (ECD) change.
Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
Eyes that were not suitable for corneal refractive surgery, had high myopia between −6.00 diopters (D) and −20.00 D, had Eyecryl posterior chamber spherical pIOL implantation, and had at least 5 years of follow-up were included. Preoperative ECD was ≥2300 cells/mm2 and cylindrical value was ≤2.0 D in all cases. Preoperative and postoperative first, third, and fifth years of refraction, uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuity (UDVA/CDVA), and ECD were recorded.
36 eyes of 18 patients were examined. The mean UDVA and CDVA in postoperative fifth years were 0.24 ± 0.19 logMAR and 0.12 ± 0.18 logMAR, respectively. The safety and efficacy indices were 1.52 ± 0.54 and 1.14 ± 0.38, respectively. At 5 years, the spherical equivalent was ±0.50 D in 75% of eyes and ±1.00 D in 92% of eyes. After 5 years, the mean cumulative ECD loss was 6.91% (P = .07). The annual ECD loss was 1.57% in the first year, 0.26% between 1 year and 3 years, and 2.38% between 3 years and 5 years. Asymptomatic anterior capsule opacity developed in 1 eye 4 years after surgery. Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment developed in 1, and myopic choroidal neovascular membrane occurred in 1 eye.
Eyecryl posterior chamber spherical pIOL implantation is one of the effective and safe refractive surgical methods in correcting high myopia with predictable and stable refractive results over a 5-year period. Longer-term studies are needed for complications such as decreased ECD, retinal complications, and lens opacity.