To determine the current prevalence and trends of pseudophakia in a well-defined U.S. population, calculating values for Olmsted County, Minnesota, from 1988 through 2018.
Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
Population-based cohort study.
Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP) databases were used to identify all cases of pseudophakia in Olmsted County, Minnesota, between January 1, 1988, and December 31, 2018. Age- and sex-specific prevalence rates were calculated in 1988, 1998, 2008, and 2018 using REP census population estimates and mortality counts. Poisson regression analysis was used to assess changes in prevalence over time. Mortality rates were estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis.
In 2018, 10 024 county residents were pseudophakic in at least 1 eye, for a total population prevalence of 6.5%. The prevalence increased 67% in the last 10 years and 590% in the last 30 years (P < .001). By 2018, 51% of residents aged 75 years and 88% of residents aged 85 years and older were pseudophakic in at least 1 eye, 53% of residents with pseudophakia aged 65 years and older were bilaterally pseudophakic, and 29% of residents with pseudophakia had lived with pseudophakia for more than 10 years. The prevalence was higher among women than men and increased with age (P < .001). Overall, pseudophakia had a lower all-cause mortality compared with the general Minnesota population (P < .001).
In 2018, most residents aged 75 years and older were pseudophakic in at least 1 eye. These numbers underscore the changing visual status of older adults and the large number of adults who benefit from cataract surgery.