To define and compare the centration of the ablation effect in laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) with the corresponding effect in small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE), in myopic laser vision correction to possibly explain the refractive performance differences noted between the two procedures in a contralateral eye study.
Private ambulatory eye surgery unit.
Prospective randomized contralateral eye study.
In 22 consecutive patients (44 eyes), 1 eye was prospectively randomized to undergo myopic topography-guided LASIK treatment and the contralateral eye to undergo SMILE; digital image analysis of the achieved centration to the aimed corneal vertex was assessed for both procedures on perioperative Scheimpflug tangential curvature maps, using a proprietary digitized methodology.
The radial displacement measured in micrometers in the above treated 44 eyes, between the attempted centration point on the corneal vertex vs the center of the measured effective anterior corneal curvature flattening was on average 130 ± 62 mm in the 22 eyes of LASIK group and 313 ± 144 mm in the 22 contralateral eyes of the SMILE group (P < .001).
In this contralateral eye study, topography-guided myopic LASIK was found to achieve significantly better effective centration compared with myopic SMILE, in regard to digitally measured decentration of the effective refractive change achieved in the anterior corneal curvature from the corneal vertex. This may explain the previously reported superior visual outcomes in the LASIK group eyes when compared with the contralateral SMILE group eyes.