To assess the utility of a femtosecond laser–assisted stromal channel to assist the creation of a big bubble (BB) for deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) surgery in cadaveric corneas.
L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India.
An attempt to create a BB was made on 10 donor pairs of human cadaveric corneoscleral tissues. The 20 corneas were split into 2 groups: Group A underwent femtosecond laser pretreatment and Group B had conventional manual deep lamellar technique. Laser pretreatment was performed using the VisuMax femtosecond laser system to create a stromal channel using the intracorneal ring segment treatment module for direct insertion of the 27-gauge air cannula for pneumodissection at a predetermined depth.
Of the 20 corneas studied, type 1 BB was achieved in 9 of 10 corneas in Group A and in 7 of 10 corneas in Group B. One cornea from Group A had a combined type 1 and 2 BB, whereas no BB was achieved in 1 cornea.
Creation of an intrastromal channel using a femtosecond laser at a predetermined depth seemed to be a promising option to increase the chances of achieving a BB when compared with the conventional air injection technique of BB DALK.