From the Eye Clinic, S. Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital (Taroni), University of Bologna, Bologna, Studio Oculistico d'Azeglio (Barboni), Bologna, San Raffale Hospita (Barboni), Milan, I.R.C.C.S.-G.B. Bietti Foundation (Schiano-Lomoriello, Savini), Rome, Italy; Stein Eye Institute, University of California (Hoffer), Los Angeles, St. Mary's Eye Center (Hoffer), Santa Monica, California, USA.
Corresponding author: Leonardo Taroni, MD, Eye Clinic, S. Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, University of Bologna via Massarenti, 9 - 40138 Bologna, Italy. Email: [email protected].
Disclosures: K.J. Hoffer licenses the registered trademark name Hoffer to ensure accurate programming of his formulas to Carl Zeiss Meditec AG (IOLMasters), Haag-Streit AG (LenStar/EyeStar), Heidelberg Engineering GmbH (Anterion), Movu (Argos), NIDEK Co., Ltd. (AL-Scan), OCULUS Optikgeräte GmbH (Pentacam AXL), Tomey Corp. (OA-2000), Topcon Medical Systems, Inc./Visia Imaging (Aladdin), Ziemer Ophthalmic Systems AG (Galilei G6), and all A-scan biometer manufacturers. G. Savini has received personal fees from Alcon Laboratories, Inc., CSO, OCULUS Optikgeräte GmbH, and Carl Zeiss Meditec AG. None of the other authors has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.
The contribution of I.R.C.C.S.-G.B. Bietti Foundation was supported by Fondazione Roma and the Italian Ministry of Health.