To assess endothelial cell loss (ECL) rate and collect safety data in patients with AcrySof L-series Cachet phakic intraocular lens (pIOL) up to 10 years post-implantation.
Clinical settings in the United States, European Union, and Canada.
Nonrandomized, observational, open-label safety study.
Central and peripheral endothelial cell density was evaluated and compared with 6-month post-implantation baseline. Nonlinear analysis was performed to identify factors affecting post-explantation ECL. Additional evaluations included uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), adverse device effects (ADEs), and serious adverse events (SAEs).
The study included 1123 implanted eyes (mean age, 37.5 years). At 10 years, mean central and peripheral ECL was 16% (1.7% annualized). Explantations were performed in 10% of eyes (n = 136/1323). For eyes with pIOL explantation because of ECL (7%), annualized ECL rate post-explantation was numerically lower compared with the overall rate in eyes that underwent explantation for any reason (annualized rate, −1.65% vs −2.03%, respectively; n = 96) and compared with pre-explantation ECL. Mean ± SD CDVA and UCVA were −0.12 ± 0.11 and 0.03 ± 0.22 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution, respectively. Common ocular ADEs included ECL (10%), pIOL extraction (9%), iris adhesion (7%), and pupillary deformity (2%). Common SAEs included pIOL extraction (11%), ECL (9%), and iris adhesions (8%).
Cachet pIOLs were associated with long-term ECL in some cases. Overall, only 10% of all implanted eyes underwent explantation during 10-year follow-up. In patients requiring explantation because of ECL, the annualized ECL rates decreased post-explantation in some eyes. Continued monitoring of patients regardless of explantation is recommended.