To objectively evaluate the image quality obtained with toric intraocular lenses (IOLs) when misaligned from the intended axis.
University Eye Clinic and the Department of Industrial and Information Engineering, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.
An experimental optoelectronic test bench was created. It consisted of a high-resolution monitor to project target images and an artificial eye. The system simulates the optical and geometric characteristics of the human eye with an implanted toric IOL. A 3.00 diopters corneal astigmatism was simulated. Images reproduced by the optical system were captured according to different IOL axis positions. The quality of each image was analyzed using the visual information fidelity (VIF) criterion. The VIF reduction was calculated at each IOL rotational step.
A 5-degree IOL axis rotation from the intended position determined a decay in the image quality of 7.03%. Ten degrees of IOL rotation caused an 11.09% decay of relative VIF value. For a 30-degree rotation, the VIF decay value was 45.85%. Finally, the image decay with no toric correction was 56.70%.
The more the objective quality of the image decays progressively, the further the axis of the IOL is rotated from its intended position. The reduction in image quality obtained after 30 degrees of toric IOL rotation was less than 50% and after 45 degrees, the image quality was the same as that of no toric correction.