To evaluate the changes in corneal higher-order aberrations (HOAs) and their impact on corneal higher-order Strehl ratio after aberration-free ablation profile.
Verter Institute, H. Olhos, São Paulo, Brazil.
Prospective interventional study.
Eyes that had aberration-free myopic ablation were divided into 3 groups, based on the spherical equivalent (SE). The corneal HOAs and higher-order Strehl ratios were calculated before surgery and 3 months after surgery.
The postoperative uncorrected-distance visual acuity, corrected-distance visual acuity, and SE did not present statistical differences among groups (88 eyes, P > .05). For a 6 mm pupil, the corneal HOA showed a mean increase of 0.17 μm (range 0.39 to 0.56 μm) (P < .001) and the corneal higher-order Strehl ratio presented a reduction of 0.03 (from 0.25 to 0.22) (P = .001). The following consistent linear predictive model was obtained: corneal HOA induction = 1.474 − 0.032 × SE − 0.225 × OZ, where OZ is the optical zone (R2 = 0.49, adjusted R2 = 0.48, P < .001).
The corneal HOAs and the higher-order Strehl ratios deteriorated after moderate and high myopic ablations. The worsening in corneal aberrations and optical quality were related to the magnitude of the intended correction and did not affect high-contrast visual performance. The OZ was the only modifiable parameter capable to restrain the optical quality loss.
The author has no financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.