To describe the transition and outcomes of 3 refractive lenticule extraction (ReLEx) techniques: femtosecond lenticule extraction (FLEx), small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE), and pseudo small-incision lenticule extraction.
Singapore National Eye Center, Singapore.
Prospective comparative case series.
Refractive lenticule extraction was performed between March 1, 2010, and November 1, 2012, using the Visumax 500 kHz femtosecond laser system. The main outcome measures were the refractive efficacy, predictability, and safety over 12 months.
The study enrolled 88 eyes. All 3 refractive lenticule extraction techniques yielded good refractive outcomes and stability over 12 months. Three months postoperatively, the mean overall efficacy index of refractive lenticule extraction was 0.89 ± 0.22 (SD), with 95.5% of eyes attaining an uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) of better than 20/40 and 60.2% of better than 20/20. Of all eyes, 95.5% were within ±1.00 diopter (D) and 78.4% within ±0.50 D of the attempted correction. The mean overall safety index was 1.06 ± 0.17. At 3 months, all small-incision lenticule extraction eyes and 96.7% of pseudo small-incision lenticule extraction eyes had a UDVA of 20/40 or better, while femtosecond lenticule extraction eyes had a lower efficacy index (87.0%). However, efficacy was comparable in all 3 groups by 12 months (mean 0.87 ± 0.04 [standard error of the mean]; P = 1.00).
The efficacy, safety, and predictability profiles of the 3 refractive lenticule extraction techniques were good over a 12-month follow-up.
No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.