To determine the hydrophobic, antiglistening, and bioadhesiveness properties of a new polymer, GF raw material, and to determine the suitability of this material for use in intraocular lenses (IOLs).
University of Liege, Liege, Belgium.
Intraocular lenses made of the new hydrophobic acrylic material were tested and compared with reference acrylic materials. The stability of their polymer matrix was estimated by testing for glistenings. The relative surface hydrophobicity was quantified via contact-angle measurements. The degrees of bioadhesiveness of the reference and test materials were assessed by in vitro porcine lens epithelial cell (LEC) culture.
The glistening test showed that the new material had greater stability under worst-case conditions than previous-generation hydrophobic acrylic materials. The new polymer had the same hydrophobic properties as the hydrophobic Acrysof IQ SN60WF material; both materials were less hydrophobic than the hydrophobic Sensar AR40e material and more hydrophobic than the hydrophilic Ioflex IOL material. The in vitro bioadhesiveness tests showed that porcine LEC adhesion levels of the new material were intermediate with respect to those of the 2 reference hydrophobic materials.
When equilibrated in aqueous medium, the new-generation hydrophobic acrylic material reached a low water content at equilibrium, making it glistening free. The hydrophobicity and bioadhesiveness of the new raw material were comparable to those of state-of-the-art reference materials; these properties may resist the formation of posterior capsule opacification.
Dr. Pagnoulle has a proprietary interest in the GF material. Drs. Pagnoulle, Gobin, and Bozukova are employees of Physiol S.A. Mme. V. Bertrand and Dr. Gillet-De Pauw have no financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.