To report long-term outcomes of cataract surgery with primary posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in children with chronic uveitis.
Department of Ophthalmology, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, Paris, France.
This case series comprised patients younger than 16 years with chronic uveitis who underwent phacoemulsification with primary implantation of a heparin surface-modified poly(methyl methacrylate) posterior chamber IOL in the capsular bag. The intraocular inflammation was fully controlled for at least 3 consecutive months before surgery in all cases. The main outcome measures were final corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), postoperative inflammation, complications, and level of immunosuppressive treatment.
Twenty-two eyes of 16 children (7 girls, 9 boys; median age at surgery 9.5 years old) were included. Underlying uveitic entities were juvenile idiopathic arthritis in 9 patients; idiopathic uveitis in 4; and Behçet disease, sarcoidosis, and varicella zoster-associated uveitis in 1 patient each. The final CDVA was 0.3 logMAR or better in all cases. Postoperative complications included posterior capsule opacification requiring laser capsulotomy in 2 eyes, glaucoma in 4 eyes, and cystoid macular edema/macular dysfunction in 3 eyes. The mean dose of oral prednisone was 29.5 mg/day preoperatively and 8.13 mg/day at the last follow-up. The median follow-up was 6 years (range 5 to 19 years).
The results indicate that uveitis is not a formal contraindication to primary IOL implantation in the management of pediatric cataract surgery in cases with full control of intraocular inflammation.
No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.