To evaluate the factors influencing AcrySof intraocular lens (IOL) (Alcon Laboratories) movement and near visual acuity after cyclopentolate 1% and pilocarpine 2%.
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Ankara, Ankara, Turkey.
Thirty eyes of 22 patients with AcrySof IOL implantation were included in this prospective study. Near visual acuity (Jaeger) at 35 cm through best distance correction without an add and pupil diameter were measured and correlated with anterior chamber depth (ACD) measured with ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) after application of cyclopentolate 1% and pilocarpine 2%, respectively. The magnitude of the change in the ACD was correlated with the accommodation amplitude, patient age, time interval between surgery and imaging, preoperative axial length, capsulorhexis diameter, ACD during cycloplegia, IOL diameter, and presence of posterior capsule opacification (PCO).
Near visual acuity significantly decreased after application of cyclopentolate 1% and increased after application of pilocarpine 2% (P<.001) in all eyes. The IOL moved anteriorly in 8 (26%) eyes and posteriorly in 22 (74%) eyes after pilocarpine 2%. There was no correlation between the ACD and near visual acuity under cyclopentolate 1% (r = 0.06, P>.05) or pilocarpine 2% (r = 0.04, P>.05). There was a moderate correlation between the anterior IOL movement and accommodation amplitude (P<.05, r = 0.42). There was no correlation between the magnitude of the IOL movement and patient age, time interval between surgery and imaging, the preoperative axial length, capsulorhexis diameter, ACD during cycloplegia, IOL diameter, and the presence of PCO (P>.05).
There was better near visual acuity in all eyes with the AcrySof MAIOL, although most IOLs move slightly backward after of pilocarpine 2%. This points out pseudoaccommodation rather than pseudophakic accommodation. Ultrasound biomicroscopy is useful in determining the ACD and the relation between the IOL and the surrounding tissues after cataract surgery.