To evaluate and compare the efficacy, predictability, and safety of hyperopic laser in situ keratomileusis (H-LASIK) for the correction of consecutive hyperopia after myopic-LASIK (M-LASIK) and radial keratotomy (RK).
The Eye Institute of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
Seventy-seven eyes of 64 patients were studied. The eyes were divided into 2 groups based on the prior refractive procedures: in Group A (n = 34), H-LASIK was performed for overcorrection after M-LASIK and in Group B (n = 43), for overcorrection after RK. All eyes were included in the analysis of intraoperative and postoperative complications. Only eyes with a minimum follow-up of 6 months were included in the analysis of visual and refractive results. Among these 66 eyes, 30 were in Group A and 36 were in Group B. The mean follow-up in these eyes was 12.34 months ± 5.95 (SD) (range 6 to 33 months).
Overall, the mean spherical equivalent (SE) was +1.88 ± 0.91 diopters (D) preoperatively and −0.37 ± 0.65 D at the last visit. Eighty-three percent of eyes were within ±1.00 D of emmetropia, and 66% were within ±0.50 D. The uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) was 20/20 in 39% of eyes and 20/40 or better in 92% of eyes. The preoperative SE was +1.43 ± 0.59 D in Group A and +2.26 ± 0.96 D in Group B; the difference in the preoperative SE was significant (P
=.001). However, there was no statistically significant between-group difference in postoperative refraction and UCVA. One eye in Group B (3%) lost 2 or more lines of best corrected visual acuity. Corneal ectasia developed in 1 eye in Group B 11 months after H-LASIK. A sliver occurred in 1 eye in Group A after the flap was recut.
Hyperopic LASIK was equally effective and predictable in treating consecutive hyperopia after overcorrected M-LASIK and overcorrected RK. The safety of the procedure in the RK group appeared to be inferior to that in the M-LASIK group. Although vision-threatening complications are rare after H-LASIK retreatment, corneal ectasia developed in 1 eye in the RK group.