To observe the posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (PCCC) after cataract surgery in control eyes and eyes with an increased risk for postoperative inflammation.
Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Antwerp, Belgium.
After phacoemulsification, a PCCC was performed before intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in 20 eyes of 18 patients with ocular or systemic conditions that predisposed them for increased postoperative inflammation; e.g., diabetes, uveitis, retinitis pigmentosa (inflammation group). These eyes were compared with 20 eyes of 16 patients who had the same surgical procedure but did not present a history of medical or ocular pathology (control group). The postoperative follow-up was 6 months to 3 years. Reclosure of the PCCC was evaluated by anterior segment photographs. The reclosure was classified as partial when newly formed tissue was present at the PCCC margin and total when the proliferation covered the entire PCCC area.
Three types of PCCC reclosure were found: fibrotic, Elschnig pearl or multilayer, and monolayer. All 3 were seen within or at the margin of the PCCC area. Reclosure (total and partial) occurred in 8 eyes (40%) in the control group and 10 (50%) in the inflammation group. Total reclosure was more frequent in the inflammation group (4 eyes [20%]) than in the control group (1 eye [5%]). Monolayered or multilayered cellular proliferation was present in 8 eyes (40%) in the control group and 4 eyes (20%) in the inflammation group; fibrotic proliferation was found in the inflammation group only (7 eyes [35%]).
Reclosure of the PCCC occurred in both groups, although the frequency of reclosure was slightly higher in the inflammation group. Although PCCC does not prevent posterior capsule opacification in all cases, it is useful in specific situations.