To compare the relative degrees of adherence of a clinical strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to the optic material of four intraocular lenses (IOLs).
Center for Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
Intraocular lens optics made of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), AcrySof®-acrylic, and silicone were included in this study. The IOLs were incubated in a minimal medium with cells of P. aeruginosa for 2 hours and 18 hours. Cells in the 2 hour experiment were prelabeled with 3H-leucine; those in the 18 hour experiments were postlabeled. After rinsing the IOLs to remove loosely adherent cells, we determined the number of cells adhered to coded lenses from calibration curves of disintegrations per minute versus cells per square millimeter. Additional lenses were incubated with P. aeruginosa and examined with scanning electron microscopy.
The adherence of P. aeruginosa in order of increasing magnitude was AcrySof-acrylic < PMMA < silicone 1 < silicone 2. The differences between all groups were statistically significant. The scanning electron microscopy observations were in general agreement with the radiolabel studies.
The AcrySof-acrylic IOL was less susceptible to primary adherence and 18 hour biofilm formation by P. aeruginosa than the PMMA and silicone IOLs, indicating that this material reduced pseudomonad adherence and the risk of endophthalmitis following cataract surgery.