To evaluate the effectiveness of diclofenac eyedrops in reducing inflammation and the incidence of angiographic cystoid macular edema (CME) after cataract surgery and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation.
Eye Clinic, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy.
Eighty-eight patients having cataract extraction were enrolled in a randomized clinical trial: 42 were given diclofenac eyedrops and 46, placebo. Postoperative inflammation in both groups was graded for 6 months using a dedicated system.
Eight patients (9%) had evidence of angiographic CME approximately 1 month after surgery; seven of these were in the placebo group (P = .039). This difference was not significant 3 and 6 months postoperatively. The signs of ocular inflammation were greater in the eyes receiving placebo; the difference was particularly evident up to 1 week after surgery. There was no significant difference in visual acuity between the two groups at any follow-up point, but the contrast sensitivity of the eyes that received diclofenac improved significantly at 10.5 cycles per degree 1 month postoperatively.
Diclofenac eyedrops effectively reduced ocular inflammation and the occurrence of angiographic CME after cataract surgery.