To evaluate visual outcomes and complications of iris-fixated intraocular lenses (IOLs) (lobster-claw) and sutured sulcus-fixated posterior chamber (PC) IOLs in primary and secondary implantation.
Eye Department, University Hospital “La Fe”, Valencia, Spain.
This retrospective study reviewed 47 patients who had primary implantation of an iris-fixated (n = 34) or sulcus-fixated (n = 13) IOL and 54 patients who had secondary implantation of an iris-fixated (n = 41) or sulcus-fixated (n = 13) IOL.
Visual acuity in the primary implantation group was similar with both lens types. Overall, 54.0% had a postoperative acuity of 20/40 or better. In eyes without pre-existing pathology, 60.0% with an iris-fixated IOL and 54.6% with a sutured PC IOL had this level of postoperative acuity (P
= .768). In the secondary implantation group, the percentage of patients with a postoperative visual acuity of 20/40 or better was significantly higher in iris-fixated IOL eyes (78.0%) than in sulcus-fixated PC IOL eyes (46.2%) (P
< .05). In eyes without pre-existing pathology, the difference was maintained. No intraoperative complications directly associated with iris-fixated lens implantation occurred. The incidence of postoperative complications common to either IOL type in primary and secondary implantation did not differ significantly. The incidence of retinal complications was higher in eyes that had primary implantation of either lens type, although the differences between both lenses in either primary or secondary implantation were not significant.
The good visual outcomes and low incidence of intraoperative and postoperative complications in eyes with iris-fixated IOLs indicate that these lenses should be considered an alternative to sutured PC IOLs in eyes in which capsular support is inadequate or absent.