To evaluate corrected and uncorrected near, intermediate, and distance visual acuities in eyes with a progressive multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) and to determine the effect of the lens on contrast sensitivity.
This prospective study comprised 59 eyes that had uneventful cataract surgery and implantation of a progressive multifocal IOL at three study centers. Uncorrected and corrected near, intermediate, and distance visual acuities were measured, as was contrast sensitivity at different frequencies. One year results are reported. Patient satisfaction was assessed using a subjective questionnaire.
Distance visual acuity improved from 0.13 Snellen lines uncorrected and 0.23 with best correction preoperatively to 0.77 and 0.96 lines, respectively, postoperatively. Uncorrected preoperative near acuity was 13.28 Jaeger lines and best corrected acuity, 8.93 lines. These improved to 4.75 and 2.69 lines, respectively. The differences between visual acuity at intermediate distances and best distance and near acuities were not significant. Patient satisfaction was highest with vision under good light conditions and when viewing larger objects.
Visual performance with the multifocal progressive IOL was adequate at various distances without additional correction. It was less satisfactory under poor light conditions.