Articles: PDF OnlyIntraocular gentamicin sulfate and postcataract anterior chamber aspirate culturesDickey, James B. M.D.a,b,*; Thompson, Kenneth D. Ph.D.c; Jay, Walter M. M.D.a,bAuthor Information aThe Department of Ophthalmology, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, Illinois bHines Veterans Administration Hospital, Hines, Illinois cThe Department of Clinical Microbiology, Loyola University Medical Center *Reprint requests to James B. Dickey, M.D., Department of ophthalmology, Loyola University Medical Center, 2160 South FirstAvenue, Maywood, Illinois 60153. Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery: July 1994 - Volume 20 - Issue 4 - p 373-377 doi: 10.1016/S0886-3350(13)80169-1 Free Metrics Abstract We cultured anterior chamber aspirates of 28 patients who had uncomplicated cataract surgery. Fourteen patients had received 80 μg/ml of gentamicin in balanced salt solution through irrigation of the anterior chamber throughout cataract extraction, and 14 patients had received 8 μg/ml of gentamicin. Cultures of anterior chamber fluid obtained at the end of surgery from all 28 patients had no growth on two nonselective media. There was no clinical evidence of ocular toxicity. This study demonstrates that antibiotic in the intraocular irrigation fluid can reduce or eliminate the expected intraocular bacterial load after cataract surgery. © Williams & Wilkins 1994. All Rights Reserved.