Articles: PDF OnlyCorneal topographic analysis of superolateral incision cataract surgeryHayashi, Ken M.D.*; Nakao, Fuminori M.D.; Hayashi, Fumihiko M.D.Author Information The Hayashi Eye Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan *Reprint requests to Ken Hayashi, M.D., Hayashi Eye Hospital, 4-7-13 Hakataekimae, Hakata-ku, Fukuoka 812, Japan Presented in part at the 3rd American-International Congress on Cataract, IOL and Refractive Surgery, Seattle, Washington, May 1993. Ms. Suzue Fujino provided technical assistance and Dr. Brian Quinn reviewed the paper. Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery: July 1994 - Volume 20 - Issue 4 - p 392-399 doi: 10.1016/S0886-3350(13)80173-3 Buy Metrics Abstract Using corneal topography, we compared the corneal shape changes following superolateral incision cataract surgery with those following conventional superior incision surgery. In our superolateral incision procedure, a 6.5 mm limbal incision was made from the 9 o’clock to 11 o’clock meridians to avoid incising the superior limbus. One hundred four patients were divided into two groups; Group 1 comprised 66 patients who had surgery using the superolateral approach; Group 2 comprised 38 patients who had surgery using the superior approach. The corneas were examined by keratometer and topographic modeling system preoperatively, and at one week and one, three, and six months postoperatively. Keratometric measurements showed that surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) in Group 1 was significantly less than that in Group 2 throughout the six-month observation. The standard SIA deviation in Group 1 was also smaller than that in Group 2, indicating a smaller degree of variability in the superolateral incision surgery. In the corneal topographic analysis, a color-coded map averaging all the Group 1 corneas at each interval showed a slight steepening in the central cornea in the 10 o’clock meridian one week after surgery. This surgically induced steepening disappeared by one month, and the corneal shape recovered its preoperative shape. In contrast, the Group 2 averaged map showed a marked steepening of the upper and lower corneas. The steepening gradually decreased but remained until three months after surgery. Superolateral incision surgery induced a smaller degree of change in the corneal shape, as well as in SIA, than superior incision surgery. The postoperative corneal shape changes disappeared rapidly after the superolateral incision, and the corneal shape soon stabilized and recovered its preoperative shape. © Williams & Wilkins 1994. All Rights Reserved.