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Schwartz Susan Elens MS Ed; Fernhall, Bo PhD; Plowman, Sharon A. PhD
Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation: September 1990

To determine the influence of music on submaximal exercise performance, 10 untrained men (x age = 20.20 years; x weight = 83.44 kg) and 10 untrained women (x age = 21.40 years; x weight = 60.99 kg) performed a maximal bicycle ergometer test. Each subject then participated in two randomly administered test trials at 75% of max, one with fast-tempo music and one without music. The subjects were blind to the purpose of the study. Data were collected every 3 minutes for RPE and HR and were continuously collected and averaged into 1-minute values for VO2, VE, and RER for both submaximal tests. Blood loctate was collected during midexercise, immediately after exercise, and at 3 and 6 minutes after exercise for both maximal and submaximal tests. Men exhibited greater absolute VO2 max (x = 3.591 X min−1) and VEmax (x = 110 1 X min−1) than women (2.35 l X min−1, 80.92 l X min−1) (P < 0.001). ANOVA analysis revealed that neither gender nor music exhibited a significant effect on submaximal relative VO2, HR, blood loctate, or exercise duration (P > 0.05). Men exhibited a higher submaximal absolute VO2 and VE than females (P < 0.001), but music did not significantly influence these variables. These data show that music does not alter the submaximal exercise performance or physiological response for either men or women. In addition, the psychological perception of effort was not altered with the presence of music in submaximal exercise. Consequently, music does not appear to be an ergogenic agent for exercise training.

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