Scientific ReviewEffect of Exercise on Cardiovascular Function Following Spinal Cord Injury A REVIEWLiu, Shujia PhD; Wang, Yi PhD; Niebauer, Josef MD, PhD, MBAAuthor Information Departments of Spine and Spinal Cord Surgery (Dr Liu) and Clinical Laboratory (Dr Wang), Beijing Bo'ai Hospital, China Rehabilitation Research Center, Beijing, China; Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (Drs Liu and Wang); Research Institute of Molecular Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation, Paracelsus Medical University, and Institute of Sports Medicine, Prevention and Rehabilitation, University Hospital Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria (Dr Niebauer). Correspondence: Josef Niebauer, MD, PhD, MBA, Institute of Sports Medicine, Prevention and Rehabilitation Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Lindhofstr 20, 5020 Salzburg, Austria ([email protected]). The authors declare no conflicts of interest. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention: January 2021 - Volume 41 - Issue 1 - p 13-18 doi: 10.1097/HCR.0000000000000534 Buy Metrics AbstractIn Brief Spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with a reduced level of physical activity, deterioration of patient body composition, metabolic profile, quality of life, and psychological functioning. As a result, risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) increases and CVD-related death occurs at an earlier age than in individuals without SCI. Regular participation in exercise has been shown to exert beneficial effects also in patients with SCI. In this review, we analyze and discuss the effects of regular exercise training in SCI on cardiovascular function, autonomic function of the cardiovascular system, arterial stiffness, metabolism, inflammation, and gene expression. This review analyzes and discusses the effects of regular exercise training in patients with spinal cord injury on cardiovascular function, autonomic function of the cardiovascular system, arterial stiffness, metabolism, inflammation, and gene expression. © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.