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Beckham Jean C. PhD; Barefoot, John C. PhD; Haney, Thomas L. MPH; Williams, Redford B. MD; Mark, Daniel B. MD, MPH
Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation: May-June 1994
Original Article: PDF Only
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Purpose

This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of pain coping strategies to functional status, pain, psychological distress, and depression in 72 chronic angina patients referred for diagnostic coronary angiography.

Methods

Each subject completed the Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ), the Duke Activity Status Inventory (DASI), chest pain ratings, the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL), and the Center for Epidemiological Studies—Depression Scale (CES-D).

Results

Women reported lower functional status and greater frequency of pain interfering with activity. Regression analyses revealed that after controlling for demographic variables (age and gender) and disease status (coronary artery occlusion), catastrophizing (i.e., assuming the worst possible outcome when experiencing pain) was associated with decreased functional status, increased psychological distress, depression, and avoidance of activity for fear of pain. Reinterpretating pain sensations was associated with decreased depression.

Conclusions

These findings suggest that pain coping may be an important aspect of adjustment in angina patients.

© Lippincott-Raven Publishers.