Surgical Anatomy for Asian facial Contouring: A Personal Perspective : Journal of Craniofacial Surgery

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Anatomical Studies

Surgical Anatomy for Asian facial Contouring: A Personal Perspective

Hwang, Kun MD, PhD

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The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery 34(3):p 1097-1100, May 2023. | DOI: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000009111


This paper introduces my personal perspective on anatomic structures for reduction malarplasty, mandibular contouring surgery, and masseter muscle resection. The zygomaticofacial nerve innervates a rectangular area, and each side measures 18.8±4 and 15.8±3.4 mm. The center of the rectangle is located laterally, at 17.3±5.5 mm from the lateral canthus, and then inferiorly, at 18.1±3.1 mm. The point of the zygomaticotemporal nerve appears at the margin of the zygomatic bone, 11.29±2.65 mm below the zygomaticofrontal suture and 21.76±2.76 mm from the superior border of the zygomatic arch. The inferior alveolar nerve in the mandibular canal runs above the lower one-third of the mandibular body. The terminal mandibular canal is located at an average of 4.5 mm under the mental foramen, advances 5.0 mm anteriorly, loops, and ends at the foramen. The facial nerve trunk is located 11 to 14 mm medial to the posterior border of the mandible. The trunk emerges out of the stylomastoid foramen and runs anteroinferiorly at an angle of 45°. The deep branch of the middle masseteric artery travels deep in the muscle, close to the periosteum of the mandible in 94% of cases. The average diameter is 1.23±0.26 mm. The masseteric nerve runs anteriorly and inferiorly between the deep and the middle layers of the masseter. It is observed at 33±5.6 mm from the inferior border of the muscle on the anterior third vertical line of the masseter muscle and at 47±5.5 mm in the posterior third.

Copyright © 2022 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD

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