Middle cranial fossa surgery commonly is approached either performing a subtemporal or a pterional craniotomy. To maximize a basitemporal region exposure, an adjunctive bone drilling could be required. In these cases, a watertight dura and temporalis muscle closure are mandatory.
To describe a modified temporalis muscle dissection in middle cranial fossa surgery to increase basitemporal region exposure while assuring a safe and effective closure thus avoiding cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage.
A total of 8 patients have been enrolled. Five pterional and 3 subtemporal approaches were performed. In all cases, the novel subfascial muscle dissection and temporalis muscle splitting technique named “the double S technique,” was performed to cut up the temporal muscle.
In all cases, a subgaleal drainage was used and removed within 48 hours. No cases of postoperative CSF leak or hematoma collection were reported.
The double S technique is a safe and effective alternative to enhance the basitemporal region exposure while avoiding the potential, common risk of CSF leak.