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The Evaluation of Anthropometric Measurements of Young Polish Women's Faces

Lipiec, Katarzyna, DDS; Ryniewicz, Wojciech I., DDS, PhD; Groch, Magdalena, DDS; Wieczorek, Aneta, DDS, PhD; Loster, Jolanta E., DDS, PhD

Journal of Craniofacial Surgery: May 2019 - Volume 30 - Issue 3 - p 709–712
doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000005119
Original Articles

Face proportions are under constant evaluation during prosthetic or surgical diagnostics and treatment. The aim was to evaluate the proportions of the faces of young Polish women as compared with other ethnic groups.

Materials and methods: The evaluation included 60 photographs of the faces of women, average age 17.9 years. En face images were made with the camera lens situated at the same distance from the photographed subjects. Using Adobe Photoshop software, midsaggital and even anthropometric points were determined in the photographs and then the distance between these points was measured. Four relationships between vertical measurements, 3 between horizontal measurements, and 4 proportions between vertical and horizontal measurements were calculated. The results were evaluated in comparison with the golden ratio (1.618) and the measurements performed for native Americans and Latin American beauty contests winners described in the relevant literature.

Results: The result for the average vertical face proportion value of the examined women was close to the golden ratio (GR) and amounted to 1.592 for the proportions between nasion-stomion and stomion-gnation (98% of GR) and 1.372 for nasion-subnasale and subnasale-gnation (85% of GR).

Average measurement results for young Polish women's faces were not statistically significantly different for 6 out of 11 relationships under evaluation as compared with the population of native American females and only 2 face proportions were the same as for beauty contests winners from Latin America.

Conclusion: Face proportions of young Polish women were different from those of the females living in the American continent.

Department of Prosthodontics, Institute of Dentistry, Medical College, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Jolanta E. Loster, DDS, PhD, Department of Prosthodontics, Institute of Dentistry, Jagiellonian University, ul. Montelupich 4, 31-155 Kraków, Poland; E-mail:

Received 4 April, 2018

Accepted 22 September, 2018

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

© 2019 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.