Massive Bilateral Neck Abscess and Acute Mediastinitis Following Dental Implant SurgeryCariati, Paolo MD; Perez de Perceval Tara, Miguel MD; Fernandez Solis, Jose MD, DDS; Martinez Lara, Ildefoso MD, DDSJournal of Craniofacial Surgery: May 1, 2019 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - p doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000005602 Clinical Study: PDF Only Buy PAP Abstract Author InformationAuthors Article MetricsMetrics Dental implantology is the most popular choice for the treatment of partial or total edentulism. However, in spite of its apparent simplicity, it represents a procedure that requires adequate surgical knowledge and remarkable technical skills. There are a number of potential complications related to dental implant surgery and some of these can be particularly dangerous. The most common and early complications of implant surgery are infection, implant migration, and implant rupture, and the patient could even swallow drills and other surgical instruments. Hence, it is important to implement special safety and sterility measures. The main aim of the present report is to present a case of massive bilateral cervical abscess and mediastinitis related to dental implant surgery. To our knowledge, there are only 2 cases in the literature that describe this type of complication in the field of oral implantol. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, Spain. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Paolo Cariati, MD, Hospital de Rehabilitacion y Traumatologia, Departamento de Cirugia Oral y Maxilofacial, Carretera de Jaen s/n, 18013, Granada, Spain; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Received 3 March, 2019 Accepted 24 March, 2019 The authors report no conflicts of interest. © 2019 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.