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Gender Confirmation Surgery

Moving Forward

Schechter, Loren S., MD*; Cohen, Mimis, MD, FACS

doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000005456
Original Article: PDF Only

Facial surgery can help facilitate an individual's social transition and alleviate gender dysphoria. As such, surgical requests for feminizing and masculinizing procedures continue to increase. Surgical management requires knowledge of anatomy and anatomic differences as well as an understanding of social challenges faced by transgender and gender diverse individuals. Here, the authors provide a brief overview of gender confirmation surgery specific to the head and neck and craniofacial skeleton. In addition, the authors explore barriers to accessing healthcare for transgender and gender diverse individuals throughout the world.

*Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Director, The Center for Gender Confirmation Surgery, Weiss Memorial Hospital

Plastic, Reconstruction and Cosmetic Surgery, Director Craniofacial Center, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Loren S. Schechter, MD, Clinical Professor of Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago; Director, The Center for Gender Confirmation Surgery, Weiss Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL, Waukegan Rd, Suite 210, Morton Grove, IL 60053; E-mail:

Received 1 February, 2019

Accepted 9 February, 2019

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

© 2019 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.