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En-Bloc U-Shaped Osteotomy of the Mandible and Chin for the Correction of a Prominent Mandibular Angle With Long Chin

Lai, Chenzhi, MD; Jin, Xiaolei, MD; Zong, Xianlei, MD; Song, Guodong, MD

doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000005126
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Background: Lower face contouring surgery has become a popular aesthetic surgery in East Asian countries. Various surgical methods have been used to improve lower face aesthetics. When a patient has a wide as well as long lower face, procedures like chin polishing or T-type osteotomy are traditionally performed, but these surgical methods have several disadvantages. The authors devised a simple and reliable method to correct the wide and long lower face, without the complications associated with the traditional methods.

Methods: From July 2015 to January 2018, 30 patients with a prominent mandibular angle, long chin, and no malocclusion underwent en-bloc mandibular U-shaped osteotomy through an oral incision, in order to shorten the mandibular angle, body of the mandible, and the chin, and to improve the facial contour. The authors assessed the effectiveness of surgery through comparisons between pre- and postoperative radiographs, patient satisfaction, and surgical complications in the postoperative period.

Results: : It was observed that all oral incisions healed by primary intention, and did not develop hematoma, infection, or osteonecrosis. Lower lip numbness occurred in 16 patients. After 6 to 12 months, all patients showed complete recovery from the numbness. All the patients were satisfied with their appearance after surgery.

Conclusions: En-bloc mandibular U-shaped osteotomy is an improved form of mandibular surgery. The osteotomy line involves the whole mandible, which makes the length and width of the mandible considerably smaller. This surgery can effectively correct a prominent mandibular angle with long chin.

Department of Sixteen, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Xiaolei Jin, MD, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, 33 Badachu Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing, People's Republic of China; E-mail: professor.jin@yahoo.com

Received 15 July, 2018

Accepted 26 September, 2018

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

© 2019 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.