The purpose of this study was to evaluate facial trauma in accidents involving a passenger car. In particular, the authors assessed differences in types of facial trauma and severity according to the location of the seat and seat-belt use. A 7-year retrospective review of data was conducted for 419 patients with facial trauma resulting from motor vehicle accidents. Patients who used a seat belt faced a lower risk of severe soft-tissue injury in comparison with having mild soft-tissue injury than patients who did not use a seat belt (P = 0.0129). Additionally, patients who used a seat belt had a lower risk of accompanying facial bone fracture requiring surgical operation than patients who did not use a seat belt (P = 0.0168). In terms of facial bone fracture according to seat location, patients who had sat in the back seat had more risk of accompanying facial bone fracture than patients who had sat in the passenger's seat (P = 0.0392). In terms of facial bone fractures requiring surgical operation, the patients who had sat in a back seat faced more risk of needing a surgical operation than patients who had sat in the driver's seat (P = 0.0479). The results of the study reveal that wearing a seat belt effectively reduces severe facial soft-tissue injury and facial bone fracture requiring surgical operation. In particular, the authors note that sitting in a back seat is riskier in terms of facial bone injury than sitting in a front seat.
*Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Ajou University Hospital, Suwon
†Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, National Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dong Ha Park, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Ajou University Hospital, Worldcup-ro 164, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, 443-721, Korea; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received 24 October, 2018
Accepted 12 March, 2019
The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
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