Bone-anchored maxillary protraction (BAMP) is an effective option for adolescent cleft patients with maxillary hypoplasia. Hence, this study was conducted to access the effectiveness of the many techniques of BAMP in cleft lip and palate patients.
Methods and Materials:
Data was compiled through a global search of random and nonrandom studies that investigated the efficacy of various techniques of BAMP in cleft lip and palate patients. The searches were conducted in ISI Web of Science, EMBASE, Scopus, Medline, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from the beginning until October 12, 2021. The pertinent data of the comprised studies were extracted using predetermined extraction forms. Meta-analysis results were obtained by using inverse-variance to calculate the pooled results of the outcome measures.
Five studies were submitted for meta-analysis. The BAMP therapeutic methods investigated in the studies were facemask attached to miniplates (FM-MP) and class III elastics attached to maxillary and mandibular miniplates (C3-IE: class III intermaxillary elastic). The mean differences of A-VRP, A-N Prep., ANB, wits, overjet, and SNA landmarks indicated posttreatment was encouraging, showing maxillary protrusion, and correction of class III malocclusion. SNB landmark showed no statistically significant alterations posttreatment. Subgroup analysis of the C3-IE and FM-MP subgroups indicated that the changes in ANB, SNA, and overjet parameters in the FM-MP subgroup were more pronounced than in the C3-IE subgroup. No statistically significant differences were found when the results of these 2-treatment method were compared, except for in the overjet subgroup.
After undergoing BAMP treatment, the maxilla showed a more horizontal growth, but no changes in the vertical dimension were observed and the mandible did not rotate clockwise. In addition, using facemask-miniplates was more effective in increasing overjet compared with using class III elastics with bone anchors. In conclusion, BAMP treatment is a suitable alternative for adolescents with cleft lip and palate malformation.