Reconstruction of eyelid margin defects following resection of upper-eyelid skin malignancies is typically performed using a lower eyelid switch flap, including eyelash reconstruction. However, a subsequent procedure for flap separation, and prolonged swelling of the flap may occur as a complication.
The authors performed anterior lamellar reconstruction using a sliding flap with excess upper eyelid skin, a procedure that is a less invasive and simpler.
Materials and Methods:
The authors performed anterior lamellar reconstruction using a sliding flap in 7 patients with full-thickness upper eyelid margin defect after skin cancer resection. The mean age of the patients was 76.0 years. The horizontal width of the defect in our cohort ranged from 11 to 25 mm and the vertical width ranged from 5 to 10 mm.
All the flaps and mucosal grafts were well taken, and none of the patients complained of lack of eyelash reconstruction. However, eyelid margin irregularity, possibly due to flap or mucosal graft contraction, was observed in 2 patients, and 1 patient developed keratoconjunctivitis.
The sliding flap technique is a minimally invasive and simple procedure for wide eyelid margin reconstruction. However, 2 patients developed eyelid margin irregularities and 1 patient developed keratoconjunctivitis. Those complications might have occurred owing to the condition of posterior lamellar reconstruction. Therefore, for the successful use of a sliding flap for anterior lamellar reconstruction, the form of the eyelid edge and the choice of posterior lamellar reconstruction are key considerations. In future, we plan to establish a better reconstructive technique by accumulating more evidence.