To report the clinical features, treatment, and outcome of 11 patients with orbital schwannoma in Korean patients.
The medical records of 11 orbital schwannoma patients treated between April 2007 and April 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. The demographic data, clinical characteristics, radiological features, and outcomes were reviewed.
The mean age at the time of diagnosis was 49.00 ± 14.45 years. The most common initial symptom was ocular protrusion (n = 7), and other symptoms were decreased visual acuity (n = 5), restriction of eye movement (n = 4), swelling (n = 3), and pain (n = 2). Locations of tumors were superomedial; followed by the orbital apex and inferolateral. The most common shape seen in our patients was beads like multilobulated appearance; followed by a round, oval, fusiform, and dumbbell shape. MRI of T1-weighted revealed isointense or hypointense, whereas the T2-weighted indicated hyper or isointense lesion. Five patients had optic neuropathy at presentation, and 1 of them showed improved vision after surgery. Complete or incomplete excision was performed for all. Surgical complications include decreased vision and paraesthesia. There has been no recurrence to date.
Orbital schwannoma is a rare disease and it is difficult to distinguish it from other orbital tumors because the initial symptoms are nonspecific. Differential diagnosis by combining the shape, location, and contrast enhancement findings seen on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging can be helpful in surgical treatment. Complete excision gives the best results without recurrence, but if the patient is in an inaccessible location, only surgery to reduce the volume can satisfy the patient without recurrence.