Sagittal craniosynostosis is the most common form of congenital cranial deformity. Surgical interventions are performed either open or endoscopic. Advancements in minimally invasive surgery have enabled the development of the endoscopic suturectomy technique. This is contrasted to the traditional open cranial vault reconstruction. There is a paucity of data comparing the head shape changes from both techniques. This study aims to compare the morphological outcome of endoscopic suturectomy versus total cranial vault reconstruction.
This is a retrospective comparative study involving 55 cases of sagittal craniosynostosis, 37 of which has open total cranial vault reconstruction and 18 had endoscopic suturectomy procedure. Preoperative and postoperative 3D photographs of both groups were analyzed and compared. The change in correction between preoperative and postoperative state was measured against a crowd-driven standard for acceptable head shape.
Total cranial vault had higher percentage change between pre and postoperative cranial index than endoscopic suturectomy (14.7% versus 7.7%, P = 0.003). However, both techniques were able to achieve the minimum standard of 70% correction (TCV 107.5%, ES 100.4%, P = 0.02).
Total cranial vault and endoscopic suturectomy are effective in correcting scaphocephaly among children with sagittal craniosynostosis. Additionally, both techniques are able to achieve a percentage correction that exceeds the 70% benchmark established by the lay public.