Pruzansky-Kaban III hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is a rare congenital facial deformity, and it is challenging to reconstruct the facial appearance. The aim of the present study was to describe a technique of application of virtual planning for three-dimensional (3D) guided maxillofacial reconstruction of Pruzansky-Kaban III HFM using custom made fixation plate.
With the help of 3D models, a preoperative virtual planning and surgical simulation were performed. Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacture (CAD/CAM) patient customized guides and custom fixation plates were designed to reconstruct the maxillofacial skull intraoperatively. Assessment was achieved through evaluation of the postoperative effects, such as imaging, facial appearance recovery and operation time.
Five patients with Pruzansky-Kaban III HFM were enrolled into this study. The results showed an exceptional accuracy between the preoperative virtual planning and the outcomes actually achieved postoperatively. Intraoperative measurements were no longer needed and the different surgical steps became more simple and easier. The total time was distributed as: 160 minutes for the surgical time, 40 minutes for preoperative virtual plan, and 80 minutes for designing the patient specific cutting guides and custom fixation plates. The operating time and tissue damage were reduced. All cases underwent uneventful healing without any complications.
The technique of patient specific guides and custom fixation plates is a reliable method of conveying the virtual plan to the operative field with higher efficiency in patients with Pruzansky-Kaban III HFM.