Both open cranial vault remodeling (CVR) and endoscopic suturectomy are effective in treating the anatomical deformity of craniosynostosis. While parents are increasingly knowledgeable about these 2 treatment options, information regarding the perioperative outcomes remains qualitative. This makes preoperative counseling regarding surgical choices difficult. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes in patients with craniosynostosis who underwent traditional CVR versus endoscopic suturectomy.
Open and endoscopic craniosynostosis surgeries performed at our institution from January 2014 through December 2018 were retrospectively reviewed and perioperative data, including operative time, estimated blood loss, transfusion rate and length of stay, was analyzed. A student t test was used with significance determined at P < 0.05.
CVR was performed for 51 children while 33 underwent endoscopic procedures. Endoscopic suturectomy was performed on younger patients (3.8 versus 14.0 months, P < 0.001), had shorter operative time (70 versus 232 minutes, P < 0.001), shorter total anesthesia time (175 versus 352 minutes, P < 0.001), lower estimated blood loss (10 versus 28 ml/kg, P < 0.001), lower percentage transfused (42% versus 98%, P < 0.001), lower transfusion volume (22 versus 48 ml/kg, P < 0.001), and shorter length of stay (1.8 versus 4.1 days, P < 0.001) when compared to open CVR.
Both open CVR and endoscopic suturectomy are effective in treating deformities due to craniosynostosis. The endoscopic suturectomy had significantly shorter operative and anesthesia time as well as overall and PICU length of stay. CVR was associated with greater intraoperative blood loss and more frequently required higher rates of blood transfusions.