Original ArticlesEffects of Rhinoplasty on Smile Esthetic and Gingival AppearanceArli, Cengiz MD*; Bilgic, Fundagul MD†; Kaya, Abdullah PhD†; Arpag, Osman Fatih MD‡Author Information *Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, Tayfur Ata Sokmen Medical Faculty, Department of Otorhinolaryngology †Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics ‡Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Periodontology, Hatay, Turkey. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Cengiz Arli, MD, Hatay Mustafa Kemal Universitesi Tayfur Ata Sokmen Tip Fakultesi, Kulak Burun Bogaz Hastaliklari Anabilim Dali, Tayfur Sokmen Kampusu 31060 Alahan-Antakya, Hatay, Turkey; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Received 15 April, 2019 Accepted 19 October, 2019 The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. Supplemental digital contents are available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (www.jcraniofacialsurgery.com). Journal of Craniofacial Surgery: May 2020 - Volume 31 - Issue 3 - p 689-691 doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000006201 Buy SDC Metrics Abstract Rhinoplasty alone or combined with septoplasty is one of the cornerstone management techniques in facial esthetic surgery. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effects of rhinoplasty maneuvers on facial and smile esthetics. The study included a total of 27 adult patients. Measurements of gingival length (GL), right and left maxillary incisor-upper lip distance (MIULD), right and left inter-lip distance (ILD), and right and left gingival pocket depth (GPD) were performed and rounded to the nearest millimeter in full smile and at rest. All measurements were obtained at baseline and at the postoperative 1st and 6th months by the same clinician. As compared with the baseline values, significant decreases were determined in the left and right GLs in full smile, left and right MIULD, and left ILD at the postoperative 1st month and in the GL, left and right MIULD, and left and right ILD at the postoperative 6th month. In conclusion, rhinoplasty maneuvers can improve smile esthetics by changing the GL thereby increase patient satisfaction. © 2020 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.